Located in the districts of Hoa Lu, Gia Vien and Ninh Binh city, Trang An Landscape Complex covers an area of 2,168 hectares posessing two ecosystems which are mainly limestone mountain ranges and wetlands. It is considered the “ Halong Bay on land”.
On 23 June 2014, Trang An has just been inscribed in the UNESCO’s World Heritage List, proudly being the Viet Nam’s first site to be acknowledged as a mixed natural and cultural heritage. Trang An Scenic Landscape Complex includes Trang An Eco-tourist Site, Tam Coc- Bich Dong Landscape and Hoa Lu Ancient Citadel.
With a spectacular landscape of limestone karst peaks permeated with valleys, some of which are submerged, and surrounded by steep, almost vertical cliffs, Trang An Eco-tourist Site is considered as an outdoor geological museum because it is entirely surrounded by bow shaped limestone mountain ranges lying on a delta wetland area.
According to current statistics, Trang An has 48 grottoes and caves alternating with 31 large and small valleys. Each valley is a various charming beauty bringing a multi-colorful picturesque landscape. Here is evaluated as an area of rare and unique natural beauty of the world with around 500 species of flora, 73 species of birds and 41 species of other animals, and is renowned for its diverse ecosystem, unique natural beauty and geological characteristics.
In addition to Trang An Eco-tourist Site, Tam Coc- Bich Dong Landscape and Hoa Lu Ancient Citadel are in core zone of the heritage site. Located in Ninh Hai Commune, Hoa Lu District, Tam Coc-Bich Dong still remains primary natural features with unique architectures alternating with pagodas and caves such as: Tam Coc, Thai Vi Temple, Bich Dong Pagoda, Tien Cave, Mua Cave…
Trang An is known not only as a scenic destination but also as a sacred place for Buddhists. Bai Dinh is a complex of pagodas in Vietnam the largest and one of the most important centers of Buddhism in the country and also the South-East Asia. It includes the ancient Bai Dinh pagoda and Bai Dinh Pagoda where new records are set as 12: the bronze bell of 36 tons, the statue of Buddha of 100 tons ….
Trang An Scenic Landscape Complex is a very unique example of human history, not only for Viet Nam but also for the region. It has a combination of both natural and cultural values.